Car maintenance tips you can handle yourself To maintain your car properly it’s not important to visit every time your car mechanics . Some of the car maintenance you can handle yourself. It’s not necessary become auto expert to handle this tasks and even not required mechanical knowledge .
Some of the auto repairs just anyone can handle quickly and easily with minimal expenses. Some of the car repair tips mentioned below you can save a lot using this tips yourself .
1. Air Filter
• Tools Required: None
• Approx Completion Time: 10-20 minutes
• Minimum Expenses: INR 500-700 .
It is necessary to change Air filter every 12 months or 1,000 miles, whichever comes first. You can pay your mechanics and give your car for a day or you can replace air filter at you convenient time within 10-20 minutes
1. First, find your filter under the hood of your car. It’s in a black rectangular box with metal clips on the side. Check your owner’s manual if you don’t see it as soon as you pop the hood.
2. Open up the casing, and check out how the air filter fits inside it. Make a note of which way the filter faces.
3. Remove the old air filter, and insert the new one exactly how the old one sat.
4. Remember to close the metal clips when you’re done.
In this way you can save mechanics cost and strengthen your car’s life.
2. Windshield Wipers
• Tools Required: None
• Approx Completion Time: 15-25 minutes
• Minimum Expenses: INR 600-800
Wiper blade setup differs from car to car, so you may have to follow a few different steps according to your owner’s manual.
1. Lift the blades, as if you were washing your windshield by hand, and remove the old blades.
2. Pay attention to how the old blades connect to the metal arms.
3. On most models, you’ll see a tab on the underside of the wiper. Push the tab to remove the old blade.
4. Attach the new blades, being careful not to bend the wiper arms or scratch your windshield. Line everything up and make sure the new ones are secure and tight.
If you get confused or just can’t remember exact position how the new blades should fit on the wiper arm, not need to worry. The packaging for the new blades should have a general set of instructions and a helpful diagram.
3. Oil and Oil Filter
• Tools Required: Ratchet, oil filter wrench, oil pan, funnel
• Approx Completion Time: 45 to 60 minutes
• Minimum Expenses: INR 900 – 1200
According to several car manual it’s important to change oil and oil filter on every 10,000 Kilometers (approx) for smooth functioning of engine. If you plan to change yourselves , you can save time and money by handling the change yourself. Before you start, follow below precautions:
1. Never change your oil when your engine is hot. Park, wait for it to cool, and then get started. Driving around the block to heat the car and loosen the oil can result in a more effective drain, which is good news, but you must let the engine cool before going to work.
2. You’ll have to jack up your car, so make sure you’re comfortable safely handling a jack. Now that you’ve covered safety first, it’s time to get a little dirty.
3. Get under your car and locate the vehicle’s oil pan. It shouldn’t be hard to find.
4. Unscrew the drain plug and drain all of the old oil into your oil pan.
5. Once all of the oil is drained, replace the drain plug.
6. Go back to your engine and remove the old oil filter with your oil filter wrench. (Be careful, because the oil filter contains some old oil as well). 5. Lubricate the rubber gasket on the new oil filter with some new motor oil.
7. Fill the new oil filter about two-thirds of the way with new oil.
8. Screw in the new oil filter. Hand-tighten it only. 8. Fill the engine with new oil, using your funnel.
9. With a dip-stick, double check your oil level to be sure you’ve added enough.
10. Discard the old oil filter and recycle the old oil .
4. Battery Maintenance
• Tools Required : Wrenches, corrosion-removal fluid, wire brush, rags
• Approx Completion Time: 20 minutes
• Minimum Expenses: INR 100-300
The key to keeping your car running smoothly and efficiently is a good battery connection. Just a few specks of crunchy white residue on the posts can keep your car from starting. A simple visual check of the condition of your battery will tell you when you need to perform this process.
1. Remove your battery terminals, which should be a fairly straightforward process. Make sure you always remove the negative cable first. If they’re stuck, use a flathead screwdriver to pry them loose.
2. Clean the posts.
3. Rinse the cleaning fluid with a little water.
4. Dry the posts with rags.
5. Replace battery terminals.
A dead battery can be one of the most frustrating car problems, because it’s usually so simple to avoid the trouble. Especially if you’ve had the same battery for a few years, pop your hood every few months and take a look at the battery to see if it needs a simple cleaning.
5. Radiator Flush
• Tools Required: Phillips-head screwdriver or wrench, rags, radiator flush solution, coolant, funnel, used coolant receptacle
• Approx Completion Time: 30 minutes
• Minimum Expenses: INR 300-500
Your car’s radiator and cooling system need to be clean to work efficiently and effectively. With normal wear and tear, your car’s radiator builds up deposits that can disrupt the cooling system. A radiator flush is a quick and inexpensive way to keep your system in shape. Consult your owner’s manual to find out if you need to flush the radiator yearly or every two years.
1. Make sure your car is completely cool before you begin.
2. Check your owner’s manual to find the radiator’s drain plug. Put your used coolant receptacle in place, unscrew the drain plug, and let the old coolant drain completely.
3. Replace the drain plug and remove the radiator cap.
4. Use the funnel to add the radiator flush cleaning solution and then fill the rest of the radiator with water.
5. Replace the radiator cap.
6. Start the car, and let it run until it gets to its normal operating temperature.
7. Turn on your heater to its hottest position, and let the car run for 10 minutes.
8. Turn the car off and wait for the engine to cool completely.
9. Drain the contents of the radiator.
10. Refill the radiator with fresh coolant.
11. Be sure to dispose of the old coolant safely, by bringing it to an auto parts store, gas station, or mechanic. Old coolant is fatal, but its sweet taste can be enticing to pets. Temperature can be a dangerous issue when you’re working on your car, so make sure you give your engine plenty of time to cool before you start and before you drain the radiator
6. Fuel Filter Replacement
• Tools Required: New fuel filter, new fuel line washers, open end wrenches, rags, eye protection
• Approx Completion Time: 30 minutes
• Minimum Expenses: INR 200-300
Make sure you’re not in over your head before starting this one. I did it once, and did it correctly, but I definitely paid attention to every detail during the process. Dealing with fuel and fuel filters can be dangerous work if you’re not prepared. If you’re not a DIY mechanic, let a pro do this annual job for you.
1. Most importantly, start by relieving fuel system pressure. If you don’t, the results can be explosive, to say the least. Locate the fuel pump fuse on the fuse box. If you don’t have a fuel pump fuse, find the relay that operates the fuel pump. Start your car, and with the engine running, pull the fuse or relay out. When the engine dies, you’ll know that you pulled the right one.
2. Disconnect the fuel lines from the fuel filter. Find two open-end wrenches that are the correct size for your fuel filter fittings (usually you’ll need two different sizes).
3. When the wrenches are in place, put a rag over the fitting to protect yourself in case there is still some pressure in the lines.
4. Hold the wrench that fits on the actual filter, and turn the other wrench counter-clockwise until that bolt comes out.
5. Slide the fuel line off the bolt and set the bolt aside.
6. Repeat the process for the other side of the fuel filter.
7. Remove the old fuel filter. Most filters are held in place by a clamp that you can release by using a flathead screwdriver. Be careful here, as the old fuel filter could still have some gas in it!
8. Change the fuel filter washers, which are located on the bolts that connect the fuel lines to the fuel filter.
Make sure to match the new ones up correctly. 9. Install the new fuel filter, which is the opposite of the process you performed to remove the old fuel filter. 10. Return the fuel pump fuse or relay before you try to start the car.
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